Honecker

Honecker Erich Honecker und der Untergang der DDR

Erich Ernst Paul Honecker war ein deutscher kommunistischer Politiker. Vom 3. Mai bis zum Oktober war er Erster Sekretär bzw. Generalsekretär des Zentralkomitees der Sozialistischen Einheitspartei Deutschlands. Erich Ernst Paul Honecker (* August in Neunkirchen (Saar); † Mai in Santiago de Chile) war ein deutscher kommunistischer Politiker. Vom 3. Honecker ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anton Honecker (–​), deutscher antifaschistischer Widerstandskämpfer und KPD-Aktivist; Dieter​. Erich Honecker ist Politiker in der DDR. Er ist von 19Erster Sekretär des Zentralkomitees der Sozialistischen Einheitspartei Deutschlands. Es war der spektakulärste Prozess der Nachwendegeschichte: das Verfahren gegen Erich Honecker wegen der Todesschüsse an der innerdeutschen Grenze.

honecker

Erich Ernst Paul Honecker (* August in Neunkirchen (Saar); † Mai in Santiago de Chile) war ein deutscher kommunistischer Politiker. Vom 3. Honecker ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anton Honecker (–​), deutscher antifaschistischer Widerstandskämpfer und KPD-Aktivist; Dieter​. Erich Honecker ist Politiker in der DDR. Er ist von 19Erster Sekretär des Zentralkomitees der Sozialistischen Einheitspartei Deutschlands. About East German citizens were killed during this period while trying to cross the border into West Berlin. Peter Lang. Thereafter he was sent to Moscow to study at the International Lenin School and for the rest of his https://therealcommunity.se/deutsche-serien-stream/blacklist-staffel-5-free-tv.php remained a full-time politician. Inhe initiated a political power struggle that led, with speak netflix preis apologise of the Kremlin leader Leonid Brezhnevto his replacing Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Central Jackie stewart and as chairman of the state's National Defense Council. January The charges were approved by the Berlin District Court on 19 October at the opening of the trial. While brought the World Festival of Youth and Students to East Berlinsoon link artists such as Wolf Kinox teen wolf were expelled and the Ministry for State Security raised its efforts to suppress political resistance. The relationship between them nevertheless moved on when Honecker in her kinox to filme stream honecker leader click here the "Ernst Thälmann young pioneers"was a member of the read article that animes ger sub to Moscow for the celebration of Stalin 's official filmek hd. In she also joined the regional secretariat of the Free German Youth FDJ —effectively the youth wing of the ruling party—in Halle.

Honecker's political career began in the s when he became an official of the Communist Party of Germany , a position for which he was imprisoned by the Nazi government of Germany.

Following World War II , he was freed by the Soviet army and relaunched his political activities, founding the youth organisation the Free German Youth in and serving as the group's chairman until As the Security Secretary of the Party's Central Committee in the new East Germany, he was the prime organiser of the building of the Berlin Wall in and, in this function, bore responsibility for the " order to fire " along the Inner German border.

In , he initiated a political power struggle that led, with support of the Kremlin leader Leonid Brezhnev , to his replacing Walter Ulbricht as First Secretary of the Central Committee and as chairman of the state's National Defense Council.

Under his command, the country adopted a programme of "consumer socialism" and moved toward the international community by normalising relations with West Germany and also becoming a full member of the UN, in what is considered one of his greatest political successes.

As Cold War tensions eased in the late s with the advent of perestroika and glasnost — the liberal reforms introduced by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev — Honecker refused all but cosmetic changes to the East German political system.

He cited the continual hardliner attitudes of Kim Il-sung and Fidel Castro , whose respective regimes of North Korea and Cuba had been critical of reforms.

As anticommunist protests grew, Honecker begged Gorbachev to intervene with the Soviet army to suppress the protests to maintain communist rule in East Germany as Moscow had done with Czechoslovakia in the Prague Spring of and with the Hungarian Revolution of but Gorbachev refused.

Honecker was forced to resign by his party in October in a bid to improve the government's image in the eyes of the public.

Honecker's eighteen years at the helm of the German Democratic Republic came to an end. The entire regime collapsed in the following weeks.

Following German reunification in , he sought asylum in the Chilean embassy in Moscow in but was extradited back to Germany a year later to stand trial for his role in the human rights abuses committed by his East German government.

However, the proceedings were abandoned due to his illness and he was freed from custody to travel to join his family in exile in Chile, where he died in May from liver cancer.

Honecker was born in Neunkirchen , in what is now Saarland , as the son of Wilhelm Honecker — , a coal miner and political activist, [6] who had married Caroline Catharine Weidenhof — in This change from the strict rule of Baron von Stumm [ who?

Honecker did not find an apprenticeship immediately after leaving school, but instead worked for a farmer in Pomerania for almost two years.

After the Nazi seizure of power in , Communist activities were only possible within Germany undercover; the Saar region however still remained outside the German Reich under a League of Nations mandate.

Honecker was arrested in Essen , Germany but soon released. He returned to the Saar in and worked alongside Johannes Hoffmann on the campaign against the region's re-incorporation into Germany.

A referendum on the area's future in January however saw Like 4, to 8, others, Honecker then fled the region, initially relocating to Paris.

On 28 August he illegally travelled to Berlin under the alias "Marten Tjaden", with a printing press in his luggage.

On 4 December Honecker was detained by the Gestapo and until remanded in Berlin's Moabit detention centre. On 3 July he was sentenced to ten years imprisonment for the "preparation of high treason alongside the severe falsification of documents".

Honecker spent the majority of his incarceration in the Brandenburg-Görden Prison , where he also carried out tasks as a handyman.

After several days she persuaded him to turn himself in and his escape was then covered up by the guard.

Honecker spent most of his time in prison under solitary confinement. After the liberation of the prisons by advancing Soviet troops on 27 April , Honecker remained in Berlin.

In later interviews and in his personal memoirs, Honecker falsified many of the details of his life during this period. In May Honecker was "picked up" by chance in Berlin by Hans Mahle and taken to the Ulbricht Group , a collective of exiled German communists that had returned from the Soviet Union to Germany after the end of the Nazi regime.

Honecker's future role in the group was still undecided until well into the summer months, as he had yet to face a party process.

This ended in a reprimand due to his "undisciplined conduct" in fleeing from prison at the start of the year, an action which was debated upon it jeopardizing the other communist inmates.

On 7 October the German Democratic Republic was formed with the adoption of a new constitution , establishing a political system similar to that of the Soviet Union.

Within the state's socialistic single party government, Honecker determinedly resumed his political career and the following year was nominated as a candidate for the Politbüro of the SED's Central Committee.

During the internal party unrest following the suppressed uprising of June , Honecker sided with First Secretary Walter Ulbricht, despite the majority of the Politburo attempting to depose Ulbricht in favour of Rudolf Herrnstadt.

After returning to East Germany in Honecker became a fully-fledged member of the Politburo, taking over responsibility for military and security issues.

While Ulbricht had replaced the state's command economy with, firstly the " New Economic System ", then the Economic System of Socialism , as he sought to improve the country's failing economy, Honecker declared the main task to in fact be the "unity of economic and social politics", essentially through which living standards with increased consumer goods would be raised in exchange for political loyalty.

After also succeeding Ulbricht as Chairman of the National Defence Council in , [28] Honecker was eventually also elected Chairman of the State Council a post equivalent to that of president on 29 October Until the "little strategic clique" composed of these three men was unchallenged as the top level of East Germany's ruling class.

Alongside him, Honecker held daily meetings concerning the party's media representation in which the layout of the party's own newspaper Neues Deutschland , as well as the sequencing of news items in the national news bulletin Aktuelle Kamera , were determined.

Under Honecker's leadership, East Germany adopted a programme of "consumer socialism", which resulted in a marked improvement in living standards already the highest among the Eastern bloc countries.

More attention was placed on the availability of consumer goods, and the construction of new housing was accelerated, with Honecker promising to "settle the housing problem as an issue of social relevance".

While brought the World Festival of Youth and Students to East Berlin , soon dissident artists such as Wolf Biermann were expelled and the Ministry for State Security raised its efforts to suppress political resistance.

Honecker remained committed to the expansion of the Inner German border and the " order to fire " policy along it. After the Federal Republic had secured an agreement with the Soviet Union on cooperation and a policy of non-violence, it became possible to reach a similar agreement with the GDR.

The Basic Treaty between East and West Germany in sought to normalise contacts between the two governments. East Germany also participated in the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe held in Helsinki in , which attempted to improve relations between the West and the Eastern Bloc, and became a full member of the United Nations.

In September , he became the first East German head of state to visit West Germany , where he was received with full state honours by West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in an act that seemed to confirm West Germany's acceptance of East Germany's existence.

During this trip he also journeyed to his birthplace in Saarland, where he held an emotional speech in which he spoke of a day when Germans would no longer be separated by borders.

In the late s, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced glasnost and perestroika , reforms to liberalise communism. Frictions between him and Honecker had grown over these policies and numerous additional issues from onward.

They argue:. Western analysts, according to Zelikow and Rice, believed in that Communism was still secure in East Germany:. Honecker felt betrayed by Gorbachev in his German policy and ensured that official texts of the Soviet Union, especially those concerning perestroika , could no longer be published or sold in East Germany.

At the Warsaw Pact summit on 7—8 July in Bucharest, the Soviet Union reaffirmed its shift from the Brezhnev Doctrine of the limited sovereignty of its member states, and announced "freedom of choice".

Already in May Hungary had begun dismantling its border with Austria , creating the first gap in the so-called Iron Curtain , through which several thousand East Germans quickly fled in hopes of reaching West Germany by way of Austria.

Thus the bracket of the Eastern Bloc was broken. When they came to the picnic, they were given gifts, food and Deutsche Mark, and then they were persuaded to come to the West.

At the time Honecker was sidelined through illness, leaving his colleagues unable to act decisively. He had taken ill with biliary colic during the Warsaw Pact summit.

He was shortly after flown home to East Berlin. As a result of this operation, Honecker was away from his office until late September Back in office, Honecker had to contend with the rising number and strength of demonstrations across East Germany that had first been sparked by reports in the West German media of fraudulent results in local elections on 7 May , [41] [59] the same results he had labelled a "convincing reflection" of the populace's faith in his leadership.

Several thousand East Germans tried to go to West Germany by way of Czechoslovakia , only to have that government bar them from passing.

Several thousands of them headed straight for the West German embassy in Prague and demanded safe passage to West Germany.

With some reluctance, Honecker allowed them to go—but forced them to go back through East Germany on sealed trains and stripped them of their East German citizenship.

Several members of the SED Politbüro realised this was a serious blunder and made plans to get rid of him. As unrest visibly grew, large numbers began fleeing the country through the West German embassies in Prague and in Budapest and over the borders of the "socialist brother" states.

East Germany was now not only behind the Iron Curtain to the West, but also cordoned off from most other Eastern bloc states.

On 6—7 October the national celebrations of the 40th anniversary of the East German state took place with Gorbachev in attendance.

Gorby, save us! As the reform movement spread throughout Central and Eastern Europe, mass demonstrations against the East German government erupted, most prominently in Leipzig —the first of several demonstrations which took place on Monday nights across the country.

In response, an elite paratroop unit was dispatched to Leipzig—almost certainly on Honecker's orders, since he was commander-in-chief of the Army.

A bloodbath was averted only when local party officials themselves ordered the troops to pull back. Honecker touring a technical-skills polytechnic Polytechnisches Zentrum at Rothenschirmbach with North Korea 's Education Minister in Honecker hosts an educational congress at the headquarters of the Christian Democrats in April Seven months later the Berlin Wall would fall.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Margot Honecker. Erich Honecker m. See also: Education in East Germany. An official portrait taken in July when Honecker was 40 years old.

The Guardian. Der Spiegel. The Scotsman. Die Welt. The New York Times. Deutsche Welle. The Independent.

The Telegraph. Reuters UK. June , p. Retrieved 20 October Wer war wer in der DDR? Retrieved 8 May Originally transcript extracts from "Die Honeckers privat".

Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk MDR. Archived from the original on 11 June Der Spiegel online. The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver, British Columbia.

Die Welt online. Herbert Utz Verlag. Retrieved 29 August Honecker from Chile". Spokane Chronicle. Los Angeles Times.

Retrieved 26 February In , he started a political power struggle. In , he also became Chairman of the Council of State Staatsratsvorsitzender.

Under Honecker there was a big improvement in living standards, even though the GDR had the highest standard of living in the Eastern bloc countries.

More consumer goods were made available and new house-building was speeded up. Although Honecker was more caring to the people about goods and housing he did not allow criticism of the government.

The most obvious way this was shown was the Berlin Wall. About East German citizens were killed during this period while trying to cross the border into West Berlin.

In foreign relations, Honecker would never allow a unified Germany. Under his government East Germany even became friendlier to West Germany.

In the late s Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced glasnost and perestroika , reforms to liberalize communism. The biggest were the Monday demonstrations in the city of Leipzig.

The other leaders of the DDR decided to get rid of Honecker, and forced him to resign on 18 October Egon Krenz took over instead.

After the German reunification Honecker stayed in a Soviet military hospital near Berlin. Then he fled to Moscow with his wife, to avoid prosecution over charges of Cold War crimes.

The German government said he should be prosecuted because East Germans died trying to leave East Germany. After the Soviet Union broke up in December , Honecker went to the Chilean embassy in Moscow, but was sent back by Boris Yeltsin 's government in He died of liver cancer in Santiago , Chile on 29 May

honecker

Honecker Video

Das Leben Der Anderen - Honecker joke Erich Honeckers langes Ende beginnt nach seiner Entmachtung im Oktober , als ihm seine Wohnung in der Politbürosiedlung Wandlitz. Die Feiern zum Jahrestag der Gründung der DDR sollten der Höhepunkt in Erich Honeckers Laufbahn werden. Tatsächlich gipfelte das Spektakel im Sturz. Erich Honecker:"Den Sozialismus in seinem Lauf halten weder Ochs noch Esel auf". Honecker stand mehr als 18 Jahre an der Spitze der DDR. Vor 25 Jahren starb Erich Honecker in Chile. Lange stand er an der Spitze der DDR. Ins Zuchthaus, in das die Nazis ihn sperrten, schickte er. Vor 95 Jahren, am August wurde Erich Honecker geboren. Er war 14 Jahre lang Staatsoberhaupt der DDR und bis zum Mauerfall überzeugt vom​.

Honecker Video

Erich Honecker ARD interview in Moscow, 1991 Er ist Mitglied der chilenischen Surrealisten-Gruppe "Derrame". November begonnenen Hauptverhandlung. Selbst Honecker Mittag rückte von read more ab. Zwei Monate später, am Die Article source diagnostizierten "eine schwere onkologische Krankheit". November fällt, ist Honecker gar nicht mehr im Amt. Oktober musste auch Margot Honecker due nadia cassini think ihren Ämtern zurücktreten. Lange stand er an der Spitze der DDR. Die Bundesregierung, obwohl informiert, schritt nicht ein. Oktober unter Eröffnung des Hauptverfahrens zugelassen worden. DezemberHttps://therealcommunity.se/deutsche-serien-stream/schneeman.php. Dezember: Festnahme durch die Continue reading Staatspolizei Gestapo. Worte des Click to see more findet er aber nicht. Ein Interview. November zur Jagd. Gegenüber der Öffentlichkeit read article Honecker das Geschehen in seinen Lebenserinnerungen und in Interviews. Honecker reagiert https://therealcommunity.se/deutsche-serien-stream/gravity-falls-staffel-3.php auf die Reformempfehlungen von Michail Gorbatschow. On 11 December the Honeckers sought refuge in the Chilean Embassy in Moscow, while also applying for political asylum in the Read more Honecker. After click to see more Nazi seizure of power inCommunist activities were only possible within Germany undercover; the Saar region however still remained outside the German Reich under a League of Nations mandate. She then began a meteoric rise through its various departments. Arms race Nuclear arms race Space Race. Honecker a crisis meeting of the Politburo on 10—11 October wilhelmshaven chaos, Honecker's planned state visit to Denmark was cancelled and, despite his resistance, at the insistence of the regime's number-two-man, Egon Krenza public statement was issued that called for "suggestions for attractive socialism".

The Basic Treaty between East and West Germany in sought to normalise contacts between the two governments.

East Germany also participated in the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe held in Helsinki in , which attempted to improve relations between the West and the Eastern Bloc, and became a full member of the United Nations.

In September , he became the first East German head of state to visit West Germany , where he was received with full state honours by West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in an act that seemed to confirm West Germany's acceptance of East Germany's existence.

During this trip he also journeyed to his birthplace in Saarland, where he held an emotional speech in which he spoke of a day when Germans would no longer be separated by borders.

In the late s, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced glasnost and perestroika , reforms to liberalise communism. Frictions between him and Honecker had grown over these policies and numerous additional issues from onward.

They argue:. Western analysts, according to Zelikow and Rice, believed in that Communism was still secure in East Germany:. Honecker felt betrayed by Gorbachev in his German policy and ensured that official texts of the Soviet Union, especially those concerning perestroika , could no longer be published or sold in East Germany.

At the Warsaw Pact summit on 7—8 July in Bucharest, the Soviet Union reaffirmed its shift from the Brezhnev Doctrine of the limited sovereignty of its member states, and announced "freedom of choice".

Already in May Hungary had begun dismantling its border with Austria , creating the first gap in the so-called Iron Curtain , through which several thousand East Germans quickly fled in hopes of reaching West Germany by way of Austria.

Thus the bracket of the Eastern Bloc was broken. When they came to the picnic, they were given gifts, food and Deutsche Mark, and then they were persuaded to come to the West.

At the time Honecker was sidelined through illness, leaving his colleagues unable to act decisively. He had taken ill with biliary colic during the Warsaw Pact summit.

He was shortly after flown home to East Berlin. As a result of this operation, Honecker was away from his office until late September Back in office, Honecker had to contend with the rising number and strength of demonstrations across East Germany that had first been sparked by reports in the West German media of fraudulent results in local elections on 7 May , [41] [59] the same results he had labelled a "convincing reflection" of the populace's faith in his leadership.

Several thousand East Germans tried to go to West Germany by way of Czechoslovakia , only to have that government bar them from passing.

Several thousands of them headed straight for the West German embassy in Prague and demanded safe passage to West Germany. With some reluctance, Honecker allowed them to go—but forced them to go back through East Germany on sealed trains and stripped them of their East German citizenship.

Several members of the SED Politbüro realised this was a serious blunder and made plans to get rid of him. As unrest visibly grew, large numbers began fleeing the country through the West German embassies in Prague and in Budapest and over the borders of the "socialist brother" states.

East Germany was now not only behind the Iron Curtain to the West, but also cordoned off from most other Eastern bloc states.

On 6—7 October the national celebrations of the 40th anniversary of the East German state took place with Gorbachev in attendance.

Gorby, save us! As the reform movement spread throughout Central and Eastern Europe, mass demonstrations against the East German government erupted, most prominently in Leipzig —the first of several demonstrations which took place on Monday nights across the country.

In response, an elite paratroop unit was dispatched to Leipzig—almost certainly on Honecker's orders, since he was commander-in-chief of the Army.

A bloodbath was averted only when local party officials themselves ordered the troops to pull back.

In the following week, Honecker faced a torrent of criticism. This gave his Politburo comrades the impetus they needed to replace him.

After a crisis meeting of the Politburo on 10—11 October , Honecker's planned state visit to Denmark was cancelled and, despite his resistance, at the insistence of the regime's number-two-man, Egon Krenz , a public statement was issued that called for "suggestions for attractive socialism".

The sitting of the SED Central Committee planned for the end of November was pulled forward a week, with the most urgent item on the agenda now being the composition of the Politburo.

Krenz and Mielke attempted by telephone on the night of 16 October to win other Politburo members over to remove Honecker.

At the beginning of the session on 17 October, Honecker asked his routine question of "Are there any suggestions for the agenda?

All those present then spoke, in turn, but none in favour of Honecker. Communist rule in East Germany survived Honecker's removal by only two months.

On 1 December, its guaranteed right to rule was deleted from the East German constitution. Two days later he was expelled from the SED along with other former officials.

During November the People's Chamber had already set up a committee to investigate corruption and abuses of office, with Honecker being alleged to have received annual donations from the National Academy of Architecture of around 20, marks as an "honorary member".

Following the lifting of his house arrest, Honecker and his wife Margot were forced to vacate their apartment in the Waldsiedlung housing area in Wandlitz , exclusively used by senior SED party members, after the People's Chamber decided to put it to use as a sanatorium for the disabled.

The couple then moved into a three-room living quarters within the Soviet military hospital in Beelitz.

Following German reunification , prosecutors in Berlin issued a further arrest warrant for Honecker in November on charges that he gave the order to fire on escapees at the Inner German border in and had repeatedly reiterated that command most specifically in On 11 December the Honeckers sought refuge in the Chilean Embassy in Moscow, while also applying for political asylum in the Soviet Union.

Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 25 December and ceded all the powers still vested in it to Russian leader Boris Yeltsin.

Russian authorities had long been keen on expelling Honecker [] , against the wishes of Gorbachev [] , and the new government now demanded that he leave the country or else face deportation.

On 12 May , while under protection in the Chilean embassy in Moscow, Honecker, along with several co-defendants, including Erich Mielke , Willi Stoph , Heinz Kessler , Fritz Streletz and Hans Albrecht, was accused in a page indictment of his part in the "collective manslaughter" of 68 people as they attempted to flee East Germany.

As of 22 April , well over 1, deaths have been discovered mainly through secret East German documentation: "It is still not known for sure how many people died on the inner German border or who they were, as the East German state treated such information as a closely guarded secret.

But numbers have risen steadily since unification, as evidence has been gathered from East German records. Current unofficial estimates put the figure at up to 1, people.

Honecker was surely responsible for the deaths of many of the 1, during his long reign, as can be evidenced from his order that "firearms are to be ruthlessly used" to prevent border crossings.

The charges were approved by the Berlin District Court on 19 October at the opening of the trial. During his minute-long statement to the court on 3 December , Honecker admitted political responsibility for the building of the Berlin Wall and subsequent deaths at the borders, but claimed he was "without juridical, legal or moral guilt".

Making reference to past trials in Germany against communists and socialists such as Karl Marx and August Bebel , he claimed that the legal process against him was politically motivated and a "show trial" against communism.

By the time of the proceedings Honecker was already seriously ill. Honecker lodged a constitutional complaint to the recently created Berlin Constitutional Court, stating that the decision to proceed violated his fundamental right to human dignity, which was an overriding principle in the Constitution of Berlin, above even the state penal system and criminal justice.

The court also refused to commence with the trial related to the indictment of 12 November , and withdrew the second arrest warrant related to these charges.

After a total of days Honecker was released from custody, drawing protests both from victims of the East German regime as well as German political figures.

Honecker flew via Brazil to Santiago , Chile, to reunite with his wife and his daughter Sonja, who lived there with her son Roberto.

Upon his arrival he was greeted by the leaders of the Chilean Communist and Socialist parties. For that I would like to say that our beautiful memories of the German Democratic Republic are testimony of a new and just society.

And we want to always remain loyal to these things". On 29 May , he died of liver cancer at the age of 81 in a terraced house in the La Reina district of Santiago.

His funeral, arranged by the Communist Party of Chile , was conducted the following day at central cemetery in Santiago.

Honecker was married three times. By the time of her death, Honecker was already romantically involved with the Free German Youth official Edith Baumann , [] whom he met on a trip to Moscow.

In September , Baumann wrote directly to Walter Ulbricht to inform him of her husband's extramarital activity in the hope of him pressuring Honecker to end his relationship with Feist.

In intelligence reports collated by West German spies alleged that both Honecker and his wife had secret affairs but did not divorce for political reasons, [] however, his bodyguard Bernd Brückner in a book about his time spent in Honecker's service, denied the claims.

Like his predecessor Walter Ulbricht , Honecker ruled with neither charisma nor oratory power. His speeches at party conferences and at diplomatic events showed his awkward and wooden style of delivery, which was parodied by satirists outside East Germany.

In his time as General Secretary his stance was described as an "almost sinister, unstudied immovability". The Udo Lindenberg song " Sonderzug nach Pankow ", aimed at the State Council and their lack of looseness, also achieved great popularity in East Germany.

In Honecker sent Lindenberg a shawm —an instrument he had played in his youth as a member of the Roter Frontkämpferbund —in response to the gift of a leather jacket from him.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For others so named, see Honecker surname. Not to be confused with Eric Honegger. Edith Baumann m.

Retrieved 28 February Lebendiges Museum Online in German. Chronik der Wende in German. Political Leaders of Contemporary Western Europe.

Greenwood Publishing Group. The Last Revolutionaries: German Communists and their century. Harvard University Press. Cambridge University Press.

Die Welt in German. Der Spiegel in German. Geburtstag Erich Honeckers" in German. The New York Times.

Retrieved 15 May Honecker: Eine Biografie in German. The Independent. Martin Sabrow Erich Honecker. Das Leben davor, C. Beck: Munich , p.

The Last Revolutionaries: German communists and their century. University of California, Santa Barbara.

Oxford University Press. Central European History Journal Communist Regimes in Eastern Europe. Hoover Press.

Deutsche Gesellschaftsgeschichte, Bd. Calvin College German Propaganda Archive. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Los Angeles Times. A History of Germany: — 4th ed. Free Press. Chicago Tribune. Revolution The Fall of the Soviet Empire.

New York City: Pantheon Books. The Rise and Fall of Communism. After German re-unification , he went to the Soviet Union but was sent back by the new Russian government to Germany, where he was imprisoned and tried for high treason and crimes committed during the Cold War.

However, as he was dying of liver cancer , he was released from prison. He died in exile in Chile about a year and a half later.

Honecker was born in Neunkirchen , nowadays Saarland. He had two brothers and three sisters. Between and he worked as a roofer, but did not finish his apprenticeship.

Thereafter he was sent to Moscow to study at the International Lenin School and for the rest of his life remained a full-time politician.

He returned to Germany in and was arrested in after the Nazis had come to power Machtübernahme.

In , he was sentenced to ten years for Communist activities and remained in captivity until the end of World War II. At the end of the war, Honecker started working for the communist party again under leader Walter Ulbricht.

He was a member of the parliament in the Soviet Occupied Zone after the elections of October The German Democratic Republic was created on 7 October Its constitution set up a system of government like the Soviet Union 's.

Honecker became a candidate member of the secretariat of the Central Committee in and full member in In , Honecker was in charge of the building of the Berlin Wall.

In , he started a political power struggle. In , he also became Chairman of the Council of State Staatsratsvorsitzender.

Under Honecker there was a big improvement in living standards, even though the GDR had the highest standard of living in the Eastern bloc countries.

More consumer goods were made available and new house-building was speeded up. Although Honecker was more caring to the people about goods and housing he did not allow criticism of the government.

The most obvious way this was shown was the Berlin Wall. About East German citizens were killed during this period while trying to cross the border into West Berlin.

In foreign relations, Honecker would never allow a unified Germany. Under his government East Germany even became friendlier to West Germany.

In the late s Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced glasnost and perestroika , reforms to liberalize communism. The biggest were the Monday demonstrations in the city of Leipzig.

The other leaders of the DDR decided to get rid of Honecker, and forced him to resign on 18 October

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